Page 152rights, from its beginning to our own age. From the scenes of trial and woe, through which she, as well as other communities, must have passed, while compelled to protect her territory, homes, and families, against the invasion of desolating foes, we may justly wish,
Page 153first offence, £10 for the second, and imprisonment for the third. As might be expected, a regulation of this kind was probably often evaded, but the evasion was occasionally detected; and then the poor swains were handled by something harder than silken chords. Among several prosecutions was the following, tried at Ipswich Court.
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© 2005 by John Slaughter
Page 157walks of life, either from choice or from concurring circumstances, and whose characters of intelligence, usefulness, piety, and worth, have not been preserved for our consideration, might have been placed as deservedly on the pages of this book, as those who are. However such may be thus omitted, however they may have faded from the remembrance of the living, still they have not been forgotten by their Maker; they are indelibly engraven on the palms of his hands, on the imperishable tablets of his omniscience, and will be gloriously revealed to an assembled universe. — In the subsequent notices, as we shall have occasion to use the words died, lately, married, and born, we put d. for the first, l. for the second, m. for the third, and b. for the fourth.
Page 158he and others of Ipswich and the adjacent towns, are formed into a similar company by act of the Legislature. He was, very likely, brother to Thomas Whittingham, Lieutenant of Ipswich company. He m. Martha, daughter of Mr. Wm. Hubbard. He left children, John, Richard, William, Martha, Elizabeth, and Judith, and a brother, Rev. Samuel Haugh, of Reading. He mentioned in his will, that he had trading stock in the company at Ipswich. Johnson calls him "a godly and faithful man."
Page 159Hannah, and Lydia. His eldest child, Nathaniel, had previously deceased, and left a wife, Lydia. His estate was large for the time, £1014 3s. 3d. He was probably the person, who was of the Artillery Company 1644. From the books, which he bequeathed to a son, he seems to have been a physician.
Page 160the Rev. Samuel Phillips of Rowley, Judith, wife of Samuel, son of the Rev. N. Rogers, and Martha, wife of Richard Jacobs.
Page 162dred acres of land in the Pequod country. Sept. 19th. He request Governor Winthrop, by letter, to forward him a transcript of the doctrinal confession of the late synod. — 1651, Oct. 14th. He is granted three hundred acres of land beyond Merrimack River, "with free liberty for timber," if he set up a saw-mill there within seven years. — 1652, Oct. 23d. He is on a committed to visit Piscataqua and settle government there. — 1653, May 18th. He, with others and commissioners of the United Colonies, is to draw up the case between the Dutch and Indians. June 2d. He is of a committee who report, that these commissioners have no power to declare war for either of the colonies without its consent. Such a report was considered by some as equivalent to nullifying the colonial league. It opened a long dispute between Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Haven, in which much wire-drawn argument was used and much excitement produced. The first was loth to have war with the Dutch, on account of their trade, while the two others were ready for immediate hostilities with them. — 1654, June 9th. Mr. Symonds was appointed, with others, to write an address to Cromwell. — 1658, Oct. 20th. He is one of the commissioners, who are to visit the country eastward, and receive the submission of the people at Black Point, and Blue Point, Spurwink, Casco Bay, and the Islands thereto belonging. This submission to the authority of Massachusetts took place July 13th. — 1662, May 7th. The General Court grant him five hundred acres of land north of the Merrimack. — 1665, May 3d. He is on a committee to answer Secretary Morrice’s letter, and to consider what further is needful to be done about what has passed between the King’s Commissioners and the General Court. — 1667, Oct. 9th. He is on a committee to revise and bring in certain laws which had been offensive to the King. Among them was one, which abolished the observance of Christmas, as a relic of Episcopacy. — 1672, May 15th. Mr. Symonds is designated to hold a court in Yorkshire. He frequently performed such duty as this out of the jurisdiction of Ipswich Court. — 611675, June 8th. He is on a committee of the General Court to settle a difficulty between the Rev. Messrs. Higginson and Nicholet of Salem, who spent three days there on this business. Oct. 23d. Two men are appointed to guard his house here
Page 163during this war, because it is so remote from neighbours and he is so much on the country’s service. Dec. His mills are burnt by the enemy at "Lamperee River." Thus called to experience various events, he closed his active career. The Legislature, as a mark of respect for him, voted £20 towards his funeral charges. — His first wife was daughter of Governor Winthrop, who mentioned her as living, Sept. 30th, 1648. For his second wife he married Rebecca, widow of Daniel Eppes. She survived him, and d. July 21st, 1695, Æ. 78. Mr. Symonds left children, — Harlakendine; Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Eppes; Martha, wife of John Dennison and afterwards of Richard Martyn of Portsmouth; Ruth, wife of the Rev. John Emerson of Gloucester; Priscilla, wife of Thomas Baker of Topsfield; Mary, wife of Peter Duncan of Gloucester; Rebeckah, wife of Henry Bylie of Salisbury, England, then of John Hall of England, then of the Rev. Wm. Worcester of Salisbury, Mass.; and William; and a brother, Richard Fitts Symonds. He had other daughters, Dorothy, married to Joseph Jacobs, and Susanna. His estate was £2534 9s. His farm at Argilla has been long noted. Who, that reviews the different and multiplied duties of Mr. Symonds, and the devoted and patriotic spirit, with which he discharged them, can truly deny that he merited the full, repeated, important, and long confidence placed in him by the public authorities? Nor was he less honored in the more private walks of life. Whatever he undertook, whether business of town, county, colony, or country, he did not leave it, till he had expended upon it all the time, attention, and exertion which he ought. His politics, principles, and practices, were not swayed by corrupt ambition, but were deeply seasoned by the salt of piety, which induced him to seek first for the approbation of God, and then, as a consequence, to act for the best good of those, whose interests were committed to his care. The circle of his benevolence, his motives, and conduct, was not merely confined to the civilized, but also extended to the heathen, to whom he was an instrument of sending the Gospel more fully than it had been. His was a mind which looked at earthly concerns in the light of Revelation. His was a soul affected and moved more by eternal realities than by things temporal. His was a life which took hold on judgment, and secured the blessedness of justification through the Redeemer.
Page 164monds, d., and was buried the 27th. He became freeman 1670, and was Representative from Wells, Maine, to the General Court 1676. He m. Mary, daughter of Mr. Jonathan Wade, and left children.
Page 165nies 1658, and Commissioner of the same 1654, 1655, 1656, 1657, 1659, 1660, 1661, 1662. He was of the Artillery Company, and chosen by the Legislature Major-General of the Colony 1653, 1656, 1659, 1660, 1662, 1674, 1675, 1676, 1678, 1679, 1680. He also held this office 1652, in the absence of General Robert Sedgwick. We give the subsequent particulars of General Dennison’s life. — * 1634, April 1st. The Legislature grant him two hundred acres of land above the Falls, on the eastern side of Charles River. — 1643, May 10th. He is on a committee to put the country in a posture of defence. — 1646, May. He is of commissioners to treat with D’Aulnay at Penobscot. — 1653, May 18th. He is connected with Deputy-Governor Symonds at this date, and, June 2d, in proceedings relative to war with the Dutch and to the rights of the colony. — 1654, May 3d. He is of a committee to prepare all former laws, both printed and written, with an index, so that they may be printed in one book. June 9th. He is appointed with others to write to Oliver Cromwell. — 1655, Nov. 13th. He is on a committee of trade for Essex county. He is among the commissioners of the United Colonies, who thus address the Government of Rhode Island: "We suppose you have understood, that the last year a company of Quakers arrived at Boston, upon no other account than to dispense their pernicious opinions;" and they desire them not to encourage the Quakers as they had begun. — 1657, Sept. He receives instructions from the commissioners of the United Colonies, to go with two others and require Ninigrett, the Niantick Sachem, to forbear hostility against the people of Uncas. — 1658, Oct. 19th. He had revised and corrected the colony laws, which are to be immediately printed. He is granted one quarter of Block Island, "for his great pains in transcribing the laws." — 1662, July 2d. He had six hundred acres, which were assigned to him, Oct. 1660, beyond Merrimack, laid out, beginning "at the upper end of an Island over against Old Will’s wigwam." — 1664, May 18th. He is one of the commissioners on a difficulty between Rhode Island and Massachusetts about Southertown. — 1666, Sept. 19th. As the Legislature did not answer the King according to the petition of Ipswich and other towns, he enters his dissent, because, as he
Page 166thought, their reply did not give due satisfaction to His Majesty nor tend to the preservation of peace and liberty in the colony. — 1671, May 31st. He is appointed to keep a Court at Hampton and Salisbury. He was called several times to perform service like this out of Ipswich Court Jurisdiction. 1672, Aug. 19th. He had made preparation, as General, to resist the Indians, who had crossed the Merrimack. — 1675, Oct. The Assistants write to him, encouraging his efforts to raise forces for attacking the Indians in their quarters. He is instructed to secure suspected Indians at Wamesick and about Chelmsford. — 1676, Feb. He is required to repair to Marlborough and order the troops thither. May 3d. He is to superintend, the last of this month, the forces there. Aug. 6th. He writes to the Assistants, that great alarm prevailed in this part of Essex, because the enemy had passed the Merrimack. Sept. 26th. Richard Martyn of Portsmouth informs him that the Indians were destroying property and lives at Casco Bay, that a few of the enemy were killed and taken, that the English were much in want of bread, and that more soldiers were greatly needed at Wells and York. Oct. 11th. General Dennison is ordered to Portsmouth to take command of the eastern expedition. — 1677, March 29th. He is one of the colony licensers, who give Wm. Hubbard leave to publish his "Present State of New England." May 23d. He is one of three to grant permits for Indians to carry guns. — He left a book at his decease, called "Irenicon, or Salve for New England’s Sore," printed in 1684. In this work he considered, "1. What are our present maladies? 2. What might be the occasion thereof; 3. The danger; 4. The blamable cause; 5. The cure." General Dennison possessed a mind which was well balanced, with a clear and strong understanding, and with extensive information on various subjects of a public as well as of a private nature. He was a man, in whom his country could always confide in seasons of peril, and to whom they long committed a large share of their most important trusts. The greater his responsibility, the more he proved himself faithful. Whatever he did, whether for society, the state, or the church, whether in council or in the field, he did well. His more than common natural and acquired abilities, were controlled and rendered eminently useful by the influence of religion, which prompts to the doing of good, for its own reward, even the consciousness of Divine approbation. He was unswayed by the
Page 167false, pernicious, and perilous notion, which too extensively abounds in our day, that men of public trusts have no need of piety to keep them within the bounds of their duty. The Rev. Wm. Hubbard preached a sermon at General Dennison’s interment, which was printed with his "Irenicon"; and in which it is justly remarked, "The greater is our sorrow, who are now met together to solemnize the funeral of a person of so great worth, enriched with so many excellencies, which made him live neither undesired nor unlamented, nor go to the grave unobserved."
Page 168wife; and his third wife, Susannah, d. Nov. 29th, 1678. He left brothers, Nathaniel and Thomas; and children, Jonathan, Nathaniel, to both of whom he had given a farm at Mystick, where they lived; Thomas, to whom he willed lands and mills in Ipswich; Prudence, wife of Anthony Crosby; wife of Samuel Rogers; Susannah, wife of Wm. Symonds; Elizabeth, wife of Elihu Wardwell. In January, 1630, he put £50 into the colony stock, and afterwards £10, for which he petitioned the General Court in 1682, that his proportion of land might be allowed. He was accordingly granted 800 acres. His estate was £7,859 5s. 3d. He sustained the chief offices of the town, and was Representative to the Legislature in 1681, 1682. He was an enterprising promoter of mechanical employments in the town. He took an early and deep interest in the colony, and sought to advance its welfare both in word and deed. While sharing largely in the blessings of Providence, he was careful to make them a benefit to others.
Page 169wright, buried Sept. 25th, 1686, was, very probably, his son. He left children, John, Simon (killed by the Indians at Haverhill), and Francis. His descendants have long been among the most noted families of our country.
Page 170— 1690, Nov. 4th. he was designated with others to revise the laws about public charges.
Page 173Rowley, d. l. He was an inhabitant of Ipswich; became freeman, 1669, and was chosen Deacon of Topsfield Church, May 24th, 1686.
Page 1741704, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1711. He was a man, whose feelings, motives, and actions were prevailingly of the kind, which he would have them to be perfectly hereafter and for ever.
Page 175Hannah, and children, John and Stephen; was Representative 1710.
Page 176in 1700, 1702, 1703, 1705, 1708, 1709, 1714, 1715, 1720. Though honored by men, he did not forget to honor his God.
Page 177freedom. He bequeathed his house and lands to Matthew and John. Estate £3500. He held several offices in the town, was Justice of the Sessions Court, Representative in 1718, 1719, 1729. He was an energetic, useful, and respected townsman.
Page 179He was b. Dec. 2d, 1702; graduated at Harvard College in 1725; became a merchant; was representative in 1730, 1740, 1741, and a Justice. He left a wife, Mary, and estate £1151 4s. 10d. L. M. He was cut off when his worldly prospect was increasingly promising.
Page 180Courts, Judge of Probate, and of the Governor’s Council from 1735 to 1751 inclusive. He was an eminent physician and had extensive practice in the county of Essex. His offices were many, and he attended to them with faithfulness and ability.
© 2005 by John Slaughter